Location-Based Services, often referred to as LBS, use information transmitted from a device to determine its presence and location. Terminals can be fixed or mobile; both receive and transmit data. They include, but are not limited to, wireless phones, laptops, portable navigation devices, and embedded systems. Amassed with location identification are a host of functions ranging from marketing and payments, safety and security, and social networking and local business search. Usually coupled with LBS are navigation solutions.